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History Articles


Biological Warfare: The Geneva Protocol of 1925

Chemical and biological weapons were outlawed by the Geneva Protocol of 1925, which was to set the ground rules for World War II. The Geneva Protocol was a very good idea, but the actual treaty was completely toothless. […]

Health and Fitness Articles

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The Zika Virus: What Have We Learned So Far?

Although the Zika virus existed in central Africa decades ago, the rapid spread of the virus around the world in only a couple of years is a significant event. What do we already know, and what do we still have to learn about this prolific virus? […]

Health & Fitness

Treating a Fever: Acetaminophen vs. Ibuprofen

There are a lot of myths about fever. 98.6 F is not and has never been the “normal” temperature. Fevers, themselves, cause no harm. They also don’t help very much. In the modern world, fever is not a necessary or particularly useful part of your immune response. […]

Robert Greenberg’s Music History Monday

Photograph of Enrico Caruso as Canio in I Pagliacci
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: A One Hit Wonder?

Leoncavallo composed I Pagliacci fairly early in his career, when he was 35. As is sometimes the case, its great and instant popularity worked against him: the public kept waiting for him to produce a work of like or better quality, and this Leoncavallo proved unable to do, though not for lack of trying. […]

Photograph of Leo Smit circa 1918
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: Leo Smit

It appears that all of Smit’s music survived, despite the fact that the vast majority of works existed only in manuscript. Seeing the writing on the wall, he began—in the first days of 1943—to distribute his manuscripts to non-Jewish friends and students, having first removed the title pages and his name so that they could not be identified has being his. The survival and resurrection of his music must be seen as something of a miracle. […]

silver cordless dynamic microphone
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: Microphones

While the first microphones were developed independently by David Edward Hughes, Emile Berliner, and Thomas Edison in the 1870s, they were not employed in ballrooms and theaters to actually amplify a human voice performing live music until the very early 1930s. Up to that time, the largest possible performance venue for a trained singer was an opera house, and for most pop singers, spaces considerably smaller. Microphones and amplification rendered venue size moot; miked and amplified, anyone could be heard anywhere.

Science Articles

Right Brain vs. Left Brain: Dispelling a Popular Brain Myth

Roger Sperry, together with his student Michael Gazzaniga, participated in pioneering experiments, which won Sperry the Nobel Prize in 1981, and helped make Michael Gazzaniga the father of cognitive neuroscience. But their experiments also seeded one of the biggest brain myths out there: That “left-brained people are logical and “right-brained” people are creative. […]

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The Big Bang Theory Explained

Most people think of the Big Bang as the moment that the universe “exploded” and came into existence. As Professor Don Lincoln explains, the reality is more complicated.  […]

The Origin of Mass

Sophisticated consumers of science have heard that the Higgs boson is the origin of mass for ordinary matter. This is true, to a degree…  […]

Why Are Our Dreams So Weird?

Why Are Our Dreams So Weird? Studies show that there is continuity between people’s dreams and their waking lives. But is the answer so simple? […]