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History Articles

European History

The Ukraine-Russia Crisis Explained

Survey the recent crisis in Ukraine and see how the origins of this conflict stem from the last hundred years of the region’s history, which is rife with skirmishes and shifting borders. After providing the historical context, Professor Liulevicius explains the ins and outs of the current crisis, including ethnic divisions within Ukraine and Russia’s attitude toward former Soviet territory. […]

Robert Greenberg’s Music History Monday

Photograph of polymath Sir George Grove
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: My Favorite Things!

It didn’t take long for Grove’s Crystal Palace concerts to become an essential fixture on the London music scene. George Grove wrote the program notes for the concerts, notes that were embraced by the concert-going public for their plain, understandable, non-technical language. […]

Portrait of Maria Anna Mozart, known as Nannerl Mozart
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: The Other Mozart Kid

Nannerl was something of a musical prodigy herself, and by an early age she had become a formidable harpsichordist and pianist, to the degree that in the earliest of the Mozart family musical tours, she often received top billing over her brother. […]

Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti holding a letter
Music Appreciation

Music History Monday: Domenico Scarlatti

Scarlatti did something that neither Bach nor Handel did: neither Bach (who died in 1750) nor Handel (who died in 1759) transcended the musical syntax of the “High (or late) Baroque”, irksome though it might be to employ such a period designation. […]

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Science Articles

image of worried woman for article on neuroticism

Neuroticism: The Big Five Personality Types Explained

The second most important personality trait is usually called neuroticism, but because the word neuroticism has such negative connotations, many researchers now call it emotional stability. Whatever we call it, the central feature of neuroticism or emotional stability is the degree to which people experience negative emotions. […]

Image of big bang timeline

The Big Bang Theory Explained

Most people think of the Big Bang as the moment that the universe “exploded” and came into existence. As Professor Don Lincoln explains, the reality is more complicated.  […]

Image of Copmuter Code on Screen

Computer Programming: Understanding Variables

The leap from traditional calculators to the power of computer programming begins when we turn to variables, operations with variables, and input/output commands. When we combine variables with other operations or input/output commands, we get statements that let the computer do virtually everything we regard as impressive. […]