Marble bust of emperor Caligula
Ancient History

Caligula: The Embodiment of Cruelty

December 9, 2019

At the time of his accession as emperor, Caligula was greeted with enthusiasm. Soon, people discovered just how cruel (and possibly insane) he was. What made Caligula one of the most infamous emperors in the history of ancient Rome? […]

Tiberius Portrait - Bust of 2nd Roman Emperor
Ancient History

Tiberius: Ancient Rome’s Reluctant Emperor

December 9, 2019

Tiberius was somewhat reluctant to take charge of the Roman Empire after the death of Augustus. His reign was marked by insurrection in Germany, betrayal by trusted commanders, and seclusion on the island of Capri. Follow the dramatic story here. […]

Caesar Augustus, first emperor of Ancient Rome. Old bronze statue in the Imperial Forum
Ancient History

Augustus: Paving the Way for Hereditary Succession

November 19, 2019

How on earth did the Roman Empire end up with so many horrible and incompetent men as leaders? The answer lies in the actions of Rome’s very first emperor, Augustus, and the precedent he established for how emperors were selected. […]

Sword and book (Image: Alex Kosev/Shutterstock)
European History

Literature of the Chivalric Knights

October 16, 2019

Most people have an image of the medieval chivalric knight: the hero with impeccable grace and courtesy, saving damsels in distress while jousting for sport. The chivalric code guiding the conduct of knights was embodied in a wide range of literary sources. Investigate the genre of chivalric literature, from “courtesy books” to romances. […]

Celtic cavalaryman (Image: By Sammy33/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

Celtic Invasion: Subduing Greece and Spain

October 12, 2019

The Celtic invasion of Europe began in Italy, and then spread to Greece and Spain. Discover how the Celts became so synonymous with terror and intimidation, that they were hired as mercenaries around the Mediterranean. You’ll also explore some aspects of Celtic culture that remain mysteries to this day. […]

Shot of Advancing Army of Viking Warriors. Reenactment.
Ancient History

Ancient Celtic Culture: Fierce on and off the Battlefield

October 11, 2019

The historical view of ancient Celtic culture necessarily passes through the lens of Greek and Roman writings. Though rife with stereotypes, many of these stories are quite entertaining. Explore the many facets of the Celts as fierce warriors and fitness fanatics who may have indulged in the occasional human sacrifice. […]

Julius Caesar and Divico parley after the battle at the Saône
Ancient History

Viewing the Ancient Celts through the Lens of Greece and Rome

October 11, 2019

Few primary sources exist to educate historians about the ancient Celts. Thus we must rely on the writings of the Greeks and Romans, which are filtered through their biased perceptions. Learn how the Celts were often stigmatized and portrayed as barbarians. […]

Union and confederate flags
American History

North vs. South: Prelude to the American Civil War

October 9, 2019

The Anerican Civil War is so vast, complex, important, and engaging, that it has inspired literature that conservatively runs to more than 50,000 books and pamphlets. More than one book or pamphlet a day has been published about the conflict since April 1861, when the firing on Fort Sumter helped precipitate it. Review the background of the war, and learn what was happening in the North and South before the first shots were fired. […]

Compromise of 1850
American History

Politics before the American Civil War

October 9, 2019

Slavery may have been the key issue that ignited the American Civil War, but a series of political battle lines, compromises, negotiations, and institutional challenges all served as catalysts for war. Take a look at the political storms of the mid-19th century and examine the politics of the American Civil War. […]

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