A portrait of Alexander Hamilton.
American History

Post-American Revolution: The Birth of New Thinking

September 12, 2020

Beside and around the generation of the old revolutionaries was the leading edge of a new generation. This generation remembered little or nothing of the Stamp Act or the French and Indian War, for this generation preferred the nation over the state. […]

A stone monument in Sheffield, Massachusetts, commemorating the final battle of Shays' Rebellion.
American History

Post-American Revolution America

September 12, 2020

The Congress and the United states were hopelessly in debt by the end of the Revolution. And their problems were further exacerbated by the infighting and the rebellions. […]

A portrait of Robert E. Lee, Commander of the armies of the Confederate States of America.
American History

Robert E. Lee, the Greatest Confederate General

September 2, 2020

Robert E. Lee faced a tremendously difficult situation when he took command of the Confederate army. In many ways, the most intimidating part of this situation lay not in the military sphere but in the civilian sphere. […]

A stone mountain Confederate memorial, depicting three Confederate heroes of the Civil War: Jefferson Davis, Generals Robert E. Lee, and Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson.
American History

American Civil War: Seven Days’ Battles

September 2, 2020

Th Seven Days’ Battles is a series of battles fought during the American Civil War. The battles began on June 25, 1862, when the Confederate army, under General Robert E. Lee, made it a point to drive back General George B. McClellan’s Union forces and thwart their attempt to gain control of Richmond, Virginia. […]

An image of Joseph E. Johnston, a senior general of the Confederate States Army.
American History

The Battle of Fair Oaks

September 2, 2020

The Battle of Fair Oaks led to some major changes in the configuration of the Civil War, changes that nearly ended up changing the trajectory of the war. […]

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