Ancient History

Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World: Egyptian Pharaohs

Official Egyptian religious culture was centered on temple worship, and temple worship was always carried out in the name of the Egyptian Pharaohs. The concerns of official Egyptian religious culture were expressed in “cult”—that is, in actions of ritual worship. […]

Ancient History

The Democratization of the Hundred Years War

During the first phase of the Hundred Years War, the kings of France and England tended to hire lots of mercenaries who were paid by campaign. When there was no fighting, the pay stopped. This caused serious societal difficulties because one of the last things you want is a lot of unemployed armed individuals. […]

Ancient History

Gothic Migration: Barbarians at the Roman Gate

The western half of the Roman Empire, as a political unit, formally came to an end in A.D. 476 with the deposing of the last Roman emperor in the west. The deposing of the last western emperor was the result of a chain of events set in motion by the Gothic migration of A.D. 376. […]

Ancient History

The Epic Reign of Sargon of Akkad

The rise of Sargon of Akkad, who ruled from 2334 to 2279 B.C., is a story that tells of the creation of a new, powerful dynasty in Mesopotamian history. […]

Ancient History

Erecting an Obelisk: A Monument of Egyptian Grandeur

One of the female Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s greatest achievements were the obelisks that she had quarried and erected at Karnak Temple. Let’s talk about just what a great achievement it was—how difficult it was to quarry an obelisk and to erect it. In some ways erecting an obelisk was harder than building a pyramid. […]

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