Ancient History

Greece in the Fifth Century – An Athenian Perspective

September 4, 2020

Greek males were extremely belligerent and politics for the Greeks was a continuation of war by other means. Athenians of the 5th century B.C. often engaged in intense wars and raised citizen soldiers called hoplites for waging amplified battles, which had momentous consequences for Greece. […]

Ancient Egyptian writing on stone
Ancient History

How are the Various Proto-World Families Linked?

September 4, 2020

The theory that there is a single source of origin of all the world’s languages is susceptible to analysis in historical linguistic. American linguist, Joseph Harold Greenberg attempted to show the links between various Proto-World families. […]

An illustration of old Egyptian papyrus scroll.
Ancient History

The Advice of Amenemhet I

September 1, 2020

The ‘Advice of Amenemhet I ‘ is assumed to be written by Amenemhet I for his son, but a closer inspection of the papyrus points toward it being written by his son, Sesostris I, himself. […]

Serekh or Horus name of Amenemhat I engraved on a limestone wall-block.
Ancient History

Germination of Effective Propaganda: The Egyptian Dynasty XII

September 1, 2020

Amenemhet I, the first king of Egypt’s Dynasty XII was the vizier of the previous pharaoh. Yet he successfully created a legend around himself. How? By getting a papyrus, or newspaper, written about himself. And thus began an era of propaganda. […]

A page from the Book of Kells with illuminated spiral and geometric patterns, and intricate crosses in the insular style.
Ancient History

Insular Art: Insular Style of Manuscript Illumination

August 30, 2020

The illuminated manuscripts from early Irish society are some of the most exquisite insular art that you will see. There are certain common artistic elements in these manuscripts. What are these elements and what are the best examples of insular style illuminated manuscripts? […]

A two-handled silver cup with intricate gold decorations around the mouth and the base of the cup.
Ancient History

Insular Art: Three Best Examples of Early Irish Metalwork

August 30, 2020

Perhaps the most widespread insular art form in early Irish society was metalwork. Also, metal lasts much longer than other materials. So, we have discovered many ancient metalwork artifacts from Ireland. What are the best examples? […]

Geometric repeating floral patterns on tiles.
Ancient History

Insular Art: The La Tène Style of Art and Its Influences

August 30, 2020

The La Tène style of art originated in Central Europe and spread right across Gaul and even reached the British Isles. What are the aesthetic elements of the La Tène style that distinguish it from other styles during that period? […]

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