European History

The Pan-Celtic Movement and the Celtic World

December 31, 2020

Present day inhabitants of Celtic regions have made a conscious effort to connect with their ancestors. These Celtic regions are united by a common linguistic heritage, a distinct culture coupled with their love for great art, literature and music. […]

Tipical postcard. Majestic Neuschwanstein castle during sunset, with colorful clouds under sunlight. Dramatik Picturesque scene. fairytale Castle near Munich in Bavaria, Germany.
European History

Frederick II’s Crusade to Recapture Jerusalem

December 13, 2020

Frederick II Hohenstaufen had vowed to the papacy to go on a crusade to Jerusalem, but he kept putting it off. Finally, he went on a crusade, which was not typical in nature and had numerous consequences for him. […]

The picture shows a beautiful diamond crown on old book.
European History

The High Middle Ages: The Reign of Frederick II Hohenstaufen

December 13, 2020

During the High Middle Ages, the Holy Roman Empire faced many difficulties due to the problems created by the Investiture Controversy. The compromise known as the Concordat of Worms could not solve all the problems. Frederick II Hohenstaufen became Holy Roman Emperor under challenging conditions caused by these issues. […]

Gravestone cross in Ireland with a celtic knot design
European History

Literary and Artistic Aspects of the Celtic Revival

December 6, 2020

The ancient literary tradition of Ireland was a significant area on which the Celtic revival movements focused. The foundation of the Irish Literary Theatre had a great influence in bringing back the ancient Irish literature in the form of plays. Arts also experienced widespread renewed attention. […]

Conradh Limk 2
British History

Celtic Revival in Ireland: Irish Language

December 6, 2020

One aspect of the ancient Irish culture forgotten partly due to British dominance was the Irish language. In the 19th century, different attempts were made to revive the language. The Gaelic League was the most prominent player in this challenge. […]

Uragh Stone Circle, Gleninchaquin Park, Co. Kerry Ireland
British History

Celtic Revival in Ireland: Political Backgrounds and Aspects

December 6, 2020

The revival of Celtic identity in Ireland was directly tied to political backgrounds. The way the Irish saw themselves in relation to the British determined their Irish identity. Their efforts in bringing back the cultural aspects of ancient Ireland started in the field of sports and reviving two old Irish games. […]

Close up of Scotland under a magnifying glass on a map
British History

The Revival of Scottish Celtic Identity

November 29, 2020

The Celtic identity of Scotland had been taken from them by such rules as the Dress Act. The repeal of the Act and some famous literary works led to the revival of Scottish identity and traditions. […]

Celtic Cross at rock of cashel, co tipperary, ireland
British History

Scholarly Investigations of the Celtic Heritage

November 29, 2020

The scholarly research on the Celtic heritage conducted by George Buchanan in the late 16th century mostly regarded linguistic connections between the Celtic languages. The linguistic investigations led to findings of the relationships between the Celtic peoples. But not all of them were based on reliable evidence. […]

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