Battle of Agincourt (Image: Chroniques d’Enguerrand de Monstrelet (early 15th century) /Public domain)

The Democratization of the Hundred Years War

December 1, 2017

During the first phase of the Hundred Years War, the kings of France and England tended to hire lots of mercenaries who were paid by campaign. When there was no fighting, the pay stopped. This caused serious societal difficulties because one of the last things you want is a lot of unemployed armed individuals. […]

Ancient inca sculptures carved out from rock near Machu Picchu, Peru

The Rise of the Inca: From Rags to Riches

December 1, 2017

The historical accounts of the rise of the Inka from total obscurity to imperial fame is the definition of a rags-to-riches story. Their achievements in economy, government and architecture continue to resonate to this day. […]

Charlemagne (742-814), (Image: Everett Historical/Shutterstock)
European History

The Reign of Charlemagne: Living in Charlemagne’s Kingdom

December 1, 2017

Charlemagne, Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great, was the greatest member of the Carolingian family, which arose in the early 7th century in the northeastern region of the Frankish world. He reigned over the Franks from 768 to 814. His reign marks a turning point in European history. […]

Earth (Image: Triff/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

The Eight Fundamental Thresholds of Big History

December 1, 2017

David Christian structures his groundbreaking Big History course around eight fundamental thresholds. Each of them is associated with new forms of complexity, and each of which has new emergent properties. Here we will take a high-level look at the eight fundamental thresholds of Big History and the material covered within each. […]

Group of vikings are floating on the sea on Drakkar

Viking Kings—Legendary Figures Of The Viking Age

March 30, 2017

The Epic of Beowulf (c. 675–725) and The Saga of Hrólf Kraki (c. 13th century) look back to the 6th century when legendary kings of Denmark and Sweden ruled from great halls and won great victories. These figures were role models and inspirations to the sea kings and territorial rulers of the Viking Age. […]

Ancient History

The Dramatic History of Islamic Medicine

March 7, 2017

Al-Razi was known as the father of Islamic medicine — in fact, many of his medical texts became classics that were still consulted in the Middle East and Europe hundreds of years after his death. Examine the life and work of al-Razi, and explore the development of hospitals across the Greater Middle East, and reviews the contributions of another great medical mind, Ibn Sina. […]

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