The Pentagon is one of the most iconic buildings in the Washington, D.C. area. On September 11, 2001, this grand military complex—the headquarters of the Department of Defense—was the site of a devastating terrorist attack. How did the Pentagon memorialize this traumatic national event? […]
In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire was ill-prepared to enter a total modern war. This was a war that would be waged primarily against the British Empire and the Russian Empire at the same time. Yet, war is more than just a matter of numbers and statistics. Sometimes, one can beat the odds. Discover the circumstances the Ottoman Empire was up against and why it’s extraordinary they did as well as they did.
During the first phase of the Hundred Years War, the kings of France and England tended to hire lots of mercenaries who were paid by campaign. When there was no fighting, the pay stopped. This caused serious societal difficulties because one of the last things you want is a lot of unemployed armed individuals. […]
Chemical and biological weapons were outlawed by the Geneva Protocol of 1925, which was to set the ground rules for World War II. The Geneva Protocol was a very good idea, but the actual treaty was completely toothless. […]
The 20th century was an age of revolution. Revolutions in the 20th century didn’t happen everywhere, but they did occur in parts of Eastern Europe, in significant parts of Asia, in significant parts of Latin America, and in a few parts of the Middle East. […]
In the year 220 the last Han emperor was set aside and China broke up into three successor states: Shu Han, Wei, and Wu. This sets up a very short but fascinating age in China’s early history known as the Three Kingdoms period. […]
On June 28, 1914, the heir to the Habsburg throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and his wife were both assassinated in the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo. Six weeks later, Europe found itself on the brink of the 20th century’s first world war. […]