Testing biological weapons
History

Biological Warfare: The Geneva Protocol of 1925

December 1, 2017

Chemical and biological weapons were outlawed by the Geneva Protocol of 1925, which was to set the ground rules for World War II. The Geneva Protocol was a very good idea, but the actual treaty was completely toothless. […]

Caesar Crossing the Rubicon (Image: By Ellis, Edward Sylvester/Public domain)
Ancient History

Caesar’s Road to the Rubicon—Rome Goes to War

December 1, 2017

With three large egos involved, it was inevitable that tensions within the triumvirate of Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus would rise. Yet how did the situation deteriorate so drastically that, when Caesar crossed a small river, known as the Rubicon, on January 10, 49 B.C., it was akin to a declaration of war on Rome? […]

The city of Alexandria and the lighthouse.
Ancient History

How Alexander Built Alexandria—The Myth and Legend

December 1, 2017

The Alexandrians were not really interested at all in anything to do with Egypt. They saw their city as a sort of divine foundation of the Greeks. Plutarch tells us that when Alexander came to Egypt, he left behind a large and populous Greek city that would bear his name: Alexandria. […]

European History

Otto von Bismarck—Germany’s Iron Chancellor

December 1, 2017

Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), the “Iron Chancellor,” unified Germany in three wars and came to embody everything brutal and ruthless about Prussian culture. The real Bismarck had a different character—a hypochondriac, a brilliant and well-read man, a convert to an extreme form of Protestant mysticism, and one of the few Prussians who never served in the king’s army. […]

Image of Napoleon Bonaparte during the french revolution
European History

Napoleon and the French Revolution

October 12, 2017

When the French Revolution came, Napoleon was ready. He got as much military leave time as he could get, and he plunged into revolutionary politics in Corsica. The story of Napoleon and the French Revolution defines the man who would rise to power as one of the most influential leaders of the 19th century. […]

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