Lapel pin from USSR times, bearing the face of baby Lenin.
History

The Making of Lenin: The Early Life of The Russian Communist Leader

July 16, 2020

Influenced by the Russian radicalism of the 19th century and two personal tragedies, Vladimir Lenin devoted himself to create a revolution. A self-disciplined individual, he was not deterred by ostracism or spies. Immensely popular among his friends and followers, he was successful in creating a brand of Marxism in Russia. […]

Monument to the outstanding figure of revolution and civil war in Russia, Vasily Chapaev.
History

Indigenous Revolutions in Russia and Imported Marxism

July 13, 2020

The people of Russia had envisioned a peasant utopia, but they lacked a sense of direction. Slowly, they adopted Marxism, which was in sharp contrast to their utopian model. Later, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin adapted Marx’s teachings to Russian conditions. […]

Lenin and Workers Monument outside Gorky Park in Moscow, Russia
History

Russia: The Unlikely Place for a Proletarian Revolution

July 13, 2020

Years of hardships, coupled with insensitive and unsympathetic political system drove the peasants and the workers against the Tsar. One bloody event on a Sunday sparked the unexpected and the unplanned revolution in Russia in 1905. […]

A map of Germany during the Thirty Years' War.
European History

The End of the Thirty Years’ War: The Treaty of Westphalia

July 13, 2020

The bloody three decades of war ended on October 24, 1648 with the signing of The Treaty of Westphalia. The treaty gave Europe and the world a new formula to live with, sovereign independence of territorial rulers and the right of the religious minorities to practice their religion. […]

A painting representing the ratifying of the Treaty of Westphalia.
European History

The World Before the Treaty of Westphalia

July 12, 2020

The treaty of Westphalia signed in 1648 ended the terrible Thirty Years’ War in Europe. The treaty acknowledged the divided sovereignties and divided authority of the member states of the empire. This new model was a sharp contrast from the earlier models of authority: the church and the state.
[…]

Truckload of excited soldiers during Russian Revolution. St. Petersburg, 1917.
European History

The Russian Revolution

July 9, 2020

There were many forces involved in the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Bolsheviks were the one group that by using their opportunities carried out the revolution. These opportunities were created by some of the allies and secret societies that supported them financially. […]

Lenin and Workers Monument outside Gorky Park in Moscow, Russia
European History

Supporters and Friends of Vladimir Lenin

July 9, 2020

There were many forces and factors influencing the course of Russia’s 1917 Revolution. As the leader of the revolution, Lenin had the financial support of some famous friends and allies. Without their help and the financial resources, the fate of the revolution would have been different. […]

Socialists in Union Square, New York City on May Day 1912
European History

Marxism after Marx in Europe and America

July 8, 2020

The socialist movement continued to spread after the death of Marx. In the early 20th century, many European countries welcomed socialism and created many social and political changes. In America, the socilst movement was different from Europe. Unlike Europe, no mass socialism was formed in America. […]

Barricades during the Paris Commune, near the Place de la Concorde
European History

Marxism: Yesterday and today

July 8, 2020

With the introduction of the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx created a revolution in socialist ideas under what was later termed as scientific socialism. But what happened to Marxism and Marxism-inspired movements after Marx died? These movements continued to thrive and swept across Europe. […]

1 2 3 4 5