Chinese flag waving in the wind on a sunny day.

China and the World: How the Equation Changed After 1972

December 12, 2020

The Chinese emperor was forced to give special trade privileges to the foreign countries in the nineteenth century. This resulted in a civilizational crisis in China. The turning point came in 1972 and with Deng Xiaoping introducing the reform era in 1978. […]

Red communist stone sculpture of Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong and the Making of Communist China

December 12, 2020

Mao Zedong’s values were in absolute contrast to the Confucian thoughts. Determined to overtake the capitalists and reestablish China’s position on the world map, he took some major decisions. […]

Kissinger, Mao, and Zhou Enlai.

Nixon-Mao Meeting: A Major Turning Point in Modern History

December 12, 2020

When Richard Nixon met Mao Zedong on February 21, 1972, no one knew that the meeting would pave a way for a major turning point in modern history. The meeting brought an end to decades of antipathy between the two nations and changed the world of international politics. […]

Image showing astronaut on the Moon

The Moon Landing: A Global Event

December 3, 2020

The Space Race that started during the Cold War between United States and the Soviet Union led to some of the biggest achievements in human history. While the Soviet Union was the first to go to space, the United States was the first to land on the Moon. […]

Image of a satellite

How Wartime Affected the Space Program

December 3, 2020

Advances made in rocketry during the World War II gave birth to the space program. As the war neared its end, the world set its sight on space and the Moon. During the Cold War, the space race was at its peak, with both the United States and the Soviet Union trying to be the first ones to reach outer space. […]

Image showing an American astronaut setting the flag of the USA on the moon.

What Inspired the Mission to the Moon?

December 3, 2020

Since ancient times, humans have been fascinated by the Moon. They spent years observing and studying it. On July 20, 1969, humans first walked on the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission. However, many factors contributed toward this huge success that was achieved by mankind. […]

Close up of Scotland under a magnifying glass on a map
British History

The Revival of Scottish Celtic Identity

November 29, 2020

The Celtic identity of Scotland had been taken from them by such rules as the Dress Act. The repeal of the Act and some famous literary works led to the revival of Scottish identity and traditions. […]

A mural depicting the seige of Constantinople, with the fortified city of Constantinople in a frenzy, soldiers firing arrows at the enemies outside from the towers, aristocrats and the emperor watching the battle in progress from their elevated perches, and outside the city enemy forces on horses, with canons pointed at Constantinople.

Decline of Byzantine Empire and Rise of Islam. Are the two connected?

November 23, 2020

The inception of Islam can be traced back to early 7th century, and around the same time the Byzantine Empire with its capital in Constantinople was in a very strong position. But with the spread of Islam and the Arabic conquests fundamentally reshaped the Mediterranean world and created religious, cultural, and linguistic boundaries that persist even today. […]

Freemasonic symbol with square, compass, and eye.
European History

Fate of Propaganda Due and Its Grand Master Licio Gelli

November 22, 2020

After P-2 member and money launderer Michele Sindona was involved in a number of cases, he was convicted of murder in 1986, and was soon thereafter found poisoned in his cell. His investigation led Italian law enforcement agency Guardia di Finanza to “King Cobra” Licio Gelli, the mastermind behind the P-2, and the P-2 roster, which contained names of all the members of the lodge. […]

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