An image of Chiang Kai-shek memorial hall.
History

The Reign of White Terror in China

May 15, 2021

After Chiang’s unpredictable coup in Shanghai, the Communists, previously Chiang’s allies had to flee. They were scattered in different parts of the country, but still attempted to defeat Chiang. […]

Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
History

Chinese Communism: Guomindang and Chinese Communist Party

April 29, 2021

Sun Yat-sen’s Guomindang and Li Dazhao’s Communist Party had very different long-term objectives. However, they did share some strong near-term commitments. Comintern used these common goals to bring about a coalition between the two parties. […]

Adolf Hitler in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
European History

The Munich Pact: Victory or Defeat for the West?

April 27, 2021

On September 29, 1938, Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier of France, Mussolini, and Hitler met in the Führerbau, the Führer’s offices in Munich, for a conference that resulted in the Munich Pact and decided the fate of Czechoslovakia. […]

Adolf Hitler and members of the Nazi party in Vienna.
European History

The Aftermath of the “Anschluss”

April 27, 2021

For diplomats in Europe—and all over the world—concern grew over the summer of 1938 that something would lead to a German invasion, and then this would be the start of a second world war. […]

Statue of Sun Yat-sen.
History

The Birth of the Provisional Republic of China

April 21, 2021

The Chinese Republican Revolution of 1911began without any plan in place and with its principal architect, Sun Yat-sen, thousands of miles away. Though the Manchus took help of General Yuan Shikai to try and stave off total collapse, the dynasty could not be saved. The Provisional Republic of China took birth in December 1911 with Sun Yat-sen elected as the provisional president. However, later Yuan Shikai was sworn in as the president. […]

Dragon stone sculpture in China.
History

How Imperial China Gave Way to Modern China

April 21, 2021

While imperial China was in its last leg of power, a modern Chinese revolutionary political party, under the leadership of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, took birth. Dr Sun Yat-sen was influenced by his foreign travels, and tried to seek counsel of Li Hongzhang to choose between his reformist and revolutionary impulses. However, that did not happen, and instead led to the founding of a radical anti-Manchu organization. […]

Statue of Sun Yat-sen in front of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in China.
History

Collapse of the Manchus and Rise of Sun Yat-sen

April 21, 2021

Sun Yat-sen’s reputation and prestige grew with the increasing power of his anti-Manchu organization. With his insurrections, along with other anti-Manchu uprisings, the collapse of the dynastic system in China began. Though the Manchus introduced a series of reforms to save themselves, it was too little too late. […]

Flag of China
History

Comintern and the Nationalist Movements in China

April 18, 2021

While Sun Yat-sen and Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu were leading two quite distinct types of revolutionary thinking and organizations, they were introduced to the theory and practice of Bolshevism by Comintern and turned into dedicated revolutionaries. […]

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