A cross on the wall of a corridor in a basilica
History

Pilgrimages during the Great Mortality

July 23, 2021

Out of all the religious practices that people were involved with in the Middle Ages, the pilgrimage was especially popular. Many people made pilgrimages to holy sites throughout Europe. […]

Illustration of Mary holding Jesus and Sebastian pierced by arrows with other characters standing next to them
History

The Saints of Great Mortality

July 23, 2021

During the Great Mortality, people had to come up with ways to deal with the plague when clergymen were unable to or refused to do so. So, they recognized previous historical figures as saints. […]

A Native Indian Man in traditional gear.
American History

How American Indians Adapted to Assimilation and Allotment

July 17, 2021

American Indians faced extraordinary challenges and changes during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. While some accommodated to new circumstances, others refused to do so. There were significant debates between those who wished to reject change and preserve traditional lifeways and others who embraced the progressive opportunities. […]

A group of Native Americans.
American History

How the Allotment Act Dismantled American Indian Kinship Systems

July 17, 2021

Allotment conveyed the message that communal land ownership was un-American. Native communities were defined by taking a census and a tribal roll was created to determine who was eligible for a land allotment. Then a survey was conducted of the reservations and the land was subdivided into parcels. Finally, the government opened the surplus land to non-Indians. […]

Photos of a Native man-on left in his native look and on right in his White American look.
American History

Assimilation of Native Americans through Education

July 17, 2021

The federal government wanted to replace the Indian culture with white culture. The Board of Indian Commissioners believed that civilization required a transition “out of savagery into civilization”. […]

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