The Castlestrange Stone at Castlestrange, Co. Roscommon, Ireland
Ancient History

Survey the Beginning of Celtic Art

October 20, 2019

“Celtic art” is an inexact term given that recent scholars are uncertain about the distinct ethnic identity of the Celts. Art historians prefer to talk about the La Tène style because of the archaeological finds in western Switzerland. Nevertheless, the ancient La Tène or Celtic style of art is distinct and fascinating. Let’s delve in. […]

Carynax from Tintignac
Ancient History

An Introduction to Celtic Artifacts

October 20, 2019

Two archaeological sites in Central Europe are associated with the rise of the Celts: the Hallstatt culture in western Austria, and the site at La Tène, in western Switzerland. Rooted in the 1st millennium B.C., the culture at La Tène produced much spectacular art associated with the Celts. Explore some of the artifacts from this fascinating culture. […]

Grianan of Aileach, a hillfort at Inishowen in County Donegal, Ireland.
Ancient History

Understanding the Old Model of the Celtic Identity

October 20, 2019

Historians learn about a culture by studying both written texts and material objects. The archaeological story is richer, but also much more complicated than scholars used to think. In fact, recent scholarship has had a revolutionary impact on our understanding of the Celts. Let’s investigate the old model of the Celtic identity. […]

Statues of Egyptian gods Osiris and Isis (Image: By Zzvet/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

Isis and Osiris: Death and Rebirth in Ancient Egypt

October 20, 2019

What did the ancient Egyptians believe about the existence of life after death? For the answer, you need to go back to the myth of Isis and Osiris. Explore this story of good and evil, murder and resurrection, and you’ll discover the roots of many familiar burial customs—including mummies. […]

Relief in the Hathor temple at Dendera representing the Ogdoad
Ancient History

Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths: Of Water and Gods

October 20, 2019

The ancient Egyptians had a treasure trove of myths that offered different explanations for why things are the way they are. One of the most intriguing of these myths involved the origin of the entire universe. Explore this fascinating story of water gods, primordial hills, and the birth of some of Egypt’s most iconic deities. […]

Sword and book (Image: Alex Kosev/Shutterstock)
European History

Literature of the Chivalric Knights

October 16, 2019

Most people have an image of the medieval chivalric knight: the hero with impeccable grace and courtesy, saving damsels in distress while jousting for sport. The chivalric code guiding the conduct of knights was embodied in a wide range of literary sources. Investigate the genre of chivalric literature, from “courtesy books” to romances. […]

Celtic cavalaryman (Image: By Sammy33/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

Celtic Invasion: Subduing Greece and Spain

October 12, 2019

The Celtic invasion of Europe began in Italy, and then spread to Greece and Spain. Discover how the Celts became so synonymous with terror and intimidation, that they were hired as mercenaries around the Mediterranean. You’ll also explore some aspects of Celtic culture that remain mysteries to this day. […]

Shot of Advancing Army of Viking Warriors. Reenactment.
Ancient History

Ancient Celtic Culture: Fierce on and off the Battlefield

October 11, 2019

The historical view of ancient Celtic culture necessarily passes through the lens of Greek and Roman writings. Though rife with stereotypes, many of these stories are quite entertaining. Explore the many facets of the Celts as fierce warriors and fitness fanatics who may have indulged in the occasional human sacrifice. […]

Julius Caesar and Divico parley after the battle at the Saône
Ancient History

Viewing the Ancient Celts through the Lens of Greece and Rome

October 11, 2019

Few primary sources exist to educate historians about the ancient Celts. Thus we must rely on the writings of the Greeks and Romans, which are filtered through their biased perceptions. Learn how the Celts were often stigmatized and portrayed as barbarians. […]

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