Image of crusaders in their armors.
European History

The High Middle Ages: The Concept of Crusade

October 19, 2020

The High Middle Ages changed the dynamics among the European kingdoms. Free from outside encroachment, they began attacking their neighbors, especially the Islamic Empire in the eastern Mediterranean that came to be known as the First Crusade. […]

Group of Vikings are floating on the sea on Drakkar with mountains in the background.
History

The Viking Presence and Influence in Scotland

October 19, 2020

The Scottish communities were quite diverse before the Vikings reached there. The Vikings settled in many parts of Scotland and spread their influence over a long stretch of time. The most important of these regions was the Isle of Man. […]

Old wooden Viking boat on seashore in Norwegian nature.
History

The Influence of Vikings on Irish Politics

October 19, 2020

During centuries of coexistence with the Irish, the Vikings had a dynamic presence in various aspects of life in this region. They even made their way into politics after they converted to Christianity. The Vikings formed alliances with the Irish kings, the most notable alliance was made with Brian Ború, a provincial king. […]

Vikings ships sailing in the stormy ocean.
History

The Impact of Vikings on Celtic-Speaking Regions

October 19, 2020

The Vikings take their name from their occupation, not their ethnicity. Through the raids on British and Irish regions, they left mixed impressions on various aspects of people’s lives. These impacts were both violent and peaceful. […]

American History

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Republican Opposition to Adams

October 16, 2020

Jefferson’s Republicans used the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions to publicly criticize Adams and the Alien and Sedition Acts. After the threat of French invasion subsided, Congress found itself inundated with petitions demanding the repeal of these Acts. At this point, Adams announced that he intended to reopen the failed negotiations with France, leading to wide opposition, and eventual win of the Republicans. […]

John Adams as part of the Committee of Five presenting the Declaration of Independence to Congress
American History

An Unlikely Hero: John Adams Versus the French Directory

October 16, 2020

Few people in the 1790s had a more distinguished record than John Adams. Yet, Adams barely scraped into office as the second President, with lackluster Federalist support.This, however, changed after he successfully handled his first challenge as the President. […]

A sketch not credited - 19th century engraving Via New York Public Library Digital Collection depicts the situation of slaves many parts of the United States, are waiting here perhaps to be sold. The step taken towards emancipation by many commanders and others was expected to gradually eradicate the curse of slavery.
American History

Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Plan and Real Status of the Slaves

October 15, 2020

Along with others, Congress too contributed towards the emancipation movement. This was followed by Lincoln coming out with a five part plan through which he wanted gradual, compensated emancipation accompanied by colonization. Read to know what this plan was and if it was successful. […]

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