American History

Thomas Jefferson and the History of U.S. Foreign Policy

Thomas Jefferson’s election to the presidency in 1800 would lead to a dramatic shift in U.S. foreign policy, and his ideas regarding landed expansion and its relationship to liberty would dominate domestic policy for more than a century. […]

American History

Native American History: Changing the Narrative

For a very long time, non-Indians wrote as though Native American history began in 1492—set in motion, of course, by the so-called discovery of the New World. Let’s examine both the consequences of that narrative and the creation of new narratives that challenge it. […]

Ancient History

The Democratization of the Hundred Years War

During the first phase of the Hundred Years War, the kings of France and England tended to hire lots of mercenaries who were paid by campaign. When there was no fighting, the pay stopped. This caused serious societal difficulties because one of the last things you want is a lot of unemployed armed individuals. […]


Archaeological Wonders of Mesopotamia: The Royal Cemetery at Ur

One of the most spectacular and widely publicized archaeological discoveries in Mesopotamia was the cemetery at Ur, excavated in the late 1920s. Ur had been known for many years because of the large ziggurat mound that dominated the site. Visitors to the region had described the site in the 17th century A.D. […]

British History

Queen Anne: The Most Successful Stuart

Historians have often underestimated Queen Anne because she was quiet and plain. In fact, her strong common sense and identification with the hopes and fears of her people would make her the most successful of the Stuarts. […]

Cuzco, Peru — ancient Inca civilization radiated from the center of the world at Cuzco, high in the Andes.

The Rise of the Inca: From Rags to Riches

The historical accounts of the rise of the Inka from total obscurity to imperial fame is the definition of a rags-to-riches story. Their achievements in economy, government and architecture continue to resonate to this day. […]

Business and Economics

Asian Tigers: Economics and the Development of the Asian Nations

The Japanese model of development has transformed not only its own economy but also that of the entire region, both through example and through its economic relationships. The transformation began in the 1960s, when Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea embarked on a Japanese-style development model. […]

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