Defendants in the Beer Hall Putsch trial. From left to right: Heinz Pernet, Friedrich Weber, Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Kriebel, Erich Ludendorff, Hitler, Wilhelm Brückner, Ernst Röhm, and Robert Wagner.
European History

Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP

February 27, 2021

There was a relative recovery of the German economy from 1924 to 1928. This was also the time when Hitler re-established the NSDAP and attempted to create a network of propaganda cells all over Germany. […]

Young male spy agent wearing a hat, coat, and a tie, holding rangefinder Leica film camera.

Germany’s Surveillance System in the Nazi Era

February 24, 2021

Prior to the Cold War standoff between Eastern and Western Europe, there was, of course, significant state surveillance in Germany during the Nazi regime leading up to—and throughout—World War II. […]

A version of the American flag associated with the American Revolution Battle of Bennington.
American History

The Financial Woes of the Confederation Congress

February 23, 2021

The Congress and the states found themselves ill-equipped to deal with the financial problems that arose with the Revolutionary War. The decisions the states made about the financial problems almost make the paralysis of the Confederation Congress look appealing. […]

A painting showing Chinese junks being destroyed by the British fleet.
British History

The British Fleet in China and the Treaty of Nanking

February 21, 2021

By June of 1842, the British fleet had occupied Amoy and Shanghai, as well as a series of strategic islands and fortresses, commanding all maritime access to the southeast coast of China. The Chinese capitulated, and signed the Treaty of Nanking. […]

An old German stamp with Hitler's head postmarked.
European History

Adolf Hitler: The Beginning of a Political Career

February 20, 2021

It didn’t take long for Adolf Hitler to carve a niche for himself in the world of German politics after the Great War. His incredible oratorical skills further helped him to create a mass political movement. […]

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