Illustration of the return visit made by Viceroy Lord Canning to Maharaja Ranbir Singh of Jammu & Kashmir on 9 March 1860 (Image: By Simpson, William (1823-1899)/Public domain)
British History

British India: How Britain Lost the Jewel in the Crown

December 1, 2017

In 1858 India formally became a direct possession of the British Crown, and become known as the “Jewel in the Crown.” To justify their rule, the British argued that they were going to bring superior European culture and political institutions into a backward continent. It was their of own doing, however, that Britain lost control over the nation. […]

Konstantin Pobedonostsev
History

Konstantin Pobedonostsev—The Crankiest of all Russian Conservatives

December 1, 2017

Konstantin Pobedonostsev, was probably the most powerful and influential intellectual in Russia during the final decades of tsarist rule. From 1880 to 1905, he served as Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod, and in this position he was the layman in charge of administering the entire Russian Orthodox Church. […]

History

Life in the Arab Cluster—What Does it Mean to Be An Arab?

December 1, 2017

What does it mean to be part of the Arab cluster? First of all, to be an Arab is not so much an ethnic heritage as it is a cultural identity. Although it’s similar to what it means to be a North American, that doesn’t entirely capture it either. Let me explain. […]

Hittite archeological foundings from anatolia (Image: By toronut/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

The Hittites—The First Ancient Empire

December 1, 2017

For half a millennium, from their homeland in central Anatolia, the Hittites played a role in Near Eastern politics equal to the traditional great powers of Mesopotamia and Egypt. […]

The city of Alexandria and the lighthouse.
Ancient History

How Alexander Built Alexandria—The Myth and Legend

December 1, 2017

The Alexandrians were not really interested at all in anything to do with Egypt. They saw their city as a sort of divine foundation of the Greeks. Plutarch tells us that when Alexander came to Egypt, he left behind a large and populous Greek city that would bear his name: Alexandria. […]

Earth (Image: Triff/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

The Eight Fundamental Thresholds of Big History

December 1, 2017

David Christian structures his groundbreaking Big History course around eight fundamental thresholds. Each of them is associated with new forms of complexity, and each of which has new emergent properties. Here we will take a high-level look at the eight fundamental thresholds of Big History and the material covered within each. […]

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