A bust of Benjamin Franklin at the Library of Congress.
American History

The Early Life and Success of Benjamin Franklin

March 3, 2021

Benjamin Franklin had worked harder throughout his life to make himself into an object of honor, especially considering how low was the rung of the ladder on which he had been born. By 1740s, he had become a gentleman in the American society. […]

Image of the imperial palace of the Qing dynasty.

The Peasant Rebellions in China

March 2, 2021

The peasant rebellion in China was sparked by a series of natural disasters that began in the early 1850s. Coinciding with the Western assault, the Manchu dynasty became fatally weak. […]

A building in Chinese architectural style is seen next to a lake.

Rural Life in Imperial China

March 2, 2021

In imperial China, the rural population lived in clustered villages, each of which had its own distinctive local customs, festivals, deities, and temples. And, There were substantial social class distinctions both between and within lineage groups. […]

A plague doctor walking along a misty lake.
European History

The Black Death: Europe’s First Contact with the Plague

March 1, 2021

In 1345, the Mongol army was ravaged by the plague. The Mongol forces recognized that they were defeated and that the siege was over. But before they withdrew, they engaged in what microbiologist Mark Wheelis has described as “the most spectacular incident of biological warfare ever”—they loaded up their trebuchets with plague-infected corpses and launched them into the city. […]

Defendants in the Beer Hall Putsch trial. From left to right: Heinz Pernet, Friedrich Weber, Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Kriebel, Erich Ludendorff, Hitler, Wilhelm Brückner, Ernst Röhm, and Robert Wagner.
European History

Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP

February 27, 2021

There was a relative recovery of the German economy from 1924 to 1928. This was also the time when Hitler re-established the NSDAP and attempted to create a network of propaganda cells all over Germany. […]

Young male spy agent wearing a hat, coat, and a tie, holding rangefinder Leica film camera.

Germany’s Surveillance System in the Nazi Era

February 24, 2021

Prior to the Cold War standoff between Eastern and Western Europe, there was, of course, significant state surveillance in Germany during the Nazi regime leading up to—and throughout—World War II. […]

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