australopithecus afarensis, one of our most ancient ancestors
Biology

Mitochondrial Eve: The Mother of All Human Beings

November 29, 2020

Can all the humans be traced back to Adam and Eve? No. That is a myth. But what if not all of it is a myth? What if there is a real Eve that scientists have found to be the great-great-great-grandmother of every human? What if she is called Mitochondrial Eve? […]

The photo shows Millikan, Lemaître, and Einstein together.
Astronomy

The Big Bang and the Misconceptions Surrounding it

November 28, 2020

Many people have a common perception that the big bang just gives the description of the literal first instant of creation and is not applicable to the present. This and other ideas around the big bang theory need analysis and a thorough investigation. […]

A detailed illustration of the sun with all its layers.
Astronomy

The Layers of the Sun

November 28, 2020

The fusion in the Sun’s core not only produces light energy that travels up through the radiative and convection zones, but it also generates the solar magnetic field. The character of the planets is fundamentally shaped by their experiences of both the heat and magnetic field from the Sun. […]

Solar system with the dark background of universe.
Astronomy

Sun: The Summation of Our Solar System

November 28, 2020

The Sun is so massive and predominant that one could say the Sun is our solar system. Sun’s primary forces like gravity and heat not only define our solar system but also make it what it is: a living wonder. […]

Antibiotics in various forms such as capsule pills, tablets, in liquid form in syringes, and in vials, placed on top of a sheet with the word 'Antibiotics'written in bold, and below it is some blurred out text.
History of Science

The Antibiotic Revolution and the Threats to It

November 27, 2020

Medicine had significantly improved by the start of the 20th century, then what specific aspect of Penicillin and antibiotics as a whole had such a major impact on saving human lives? And have humans been guilty of misusing antibiotics in the past few decades? […]

Chemical formula and molecular model of Penicillin.
History of Science

Who was Dr. Alexander Fleming and How was Penicillin Discovered?

November 27, 2020

Accidents in the laboratory have played a key role in Dr. Alexander Fleming’s career. These accidents didn’t cause any harm. Instead. his trained scientific eye and the willingness to adapt to unexpected situations enabled him to make incredible discoveries. So, how did he accidentally discover Penicillin? […]

A hand with white surgical or laboratory gloves on holding a petri dish with bacteria in it.
History of Science

Discovery of Penicillin Was Made Possible By Germ Theory

November 27, 2020

Toward the end of 19th century several physicians and scientists noticed certain inconsistencies with the theory of humors, which led to the development of the germ theory of diseases. What were these inconsistencies and startling discoveries, and why is the development of germ theory considered to be a revolution? […]

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