australopithecus afarensis, one of our most ancient ancestors
Biology

Mitochondrial Eve: The Mother of All Human Beings

November 29, 2020

Can all the humans be traced back to Adam and Eve? No. That is a myth. But what if not all of it is a myth? What if there is a real Eve that scientists have found to be the great-great-great-grandmother of every human? What if she is called Mitochondrial Eve? […]

Different isotopes of carbon and their atomic structure.
Biology

Carbon 14 Dating: Complications and Mitigations

September 13, 2020

Carbon 14, a radioactive isotope of carbon, is used to measure the age of an ancient fossil. Since the depleting carbon 14 content is present in all the living things, it can be reliably used to measure the age of a fossil. […]

A closeup view of old tree rings full of carbon content.
Biology

Using Carbon 14 Dating

September 13, 2020

Carbon 14, a radioactive isotope of carbon, is used to measure the age of an ancient fossil. Carbon 14 works on the basis of carbon 14 depletion ratio to other carbon isotopes, which starts only after the death of the organic matter. […]

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