australopithecus afarensis, one of our most ancient ancestors
Biology

Mitochondrial Eve: The Mother of All Human Beings

November 29, 2020

Can all the humans be traced back to Adam and Eve? No. That is a myth. But what if not all of it is a myth? What if there is a real Eve that scientists have found to be the great-great-great-grandmother of every human? What if she is called Mitochondrial Eve? […]

Antibiotics in various forms such as capsule pills, tablets, in liquid form in syringes, and in vials, placed on top of a sheet with the word 'Antibiotics'written in bold, and below it is some blurred out text.
History of Science

The Antibiotic Revolution and the Threats to It

November 27, 2020

Medicine had significantly improved by the start of the 20th century, then what specific aspect of Penicillin and antibiotics as a whole had such a major impact on saving human lives? And have humans been guilty of misusing antibiotics in the past few decades? […]

Chemical formula and molecular model of Penicillin.
History of Science

Who was Dr. Alexander Fleming and How was Penicillin Discovered?

November 27, 2020

Accidents in the laboratory have played a key role in Dr. Alexander Fleming’s career. These accidents didn’t cause any harm. Instead. his trained scientific eye and the willingness to adapt to unexpected situations enabled him to make incredible discoveries. So, how did he accidentally discover Penicillin? […]

A hand with white surgical or laboratory gloves on holding a petri dish with bacteria in it.
History of Science

Discovery of Penicillin Was Made Possible By Germ Theory

November 27, 2020

Toward the end of 19th century several physicians and scientists noticed certain inconsistencies with the theory of humors, which led to the development of the germ theory of diseases. What were these inconsistencies and startling discoveries, and why is the development of germ theory considered to be a revolution? […]

human hand holding brain, Artificial Intelligence, AI Technology, thinking concept.
History of Science

Behavioral Psychology and its Practical Implications

October 14, 2020

According to behavioral psychologists, human beings are creatures of habit. It meant that by shaping human habits, we could make humans behave the way we want. This idea had considerable ramifications in business and advertising. […]

Man entering a maze inside a head
History of Science

Cultural Consequences of Jung’s Ideas and the Rise of Behaviorism

October 14, 2020

The notion of the collective unconscious put forth by Carl Jung had widespread acceptance and cultural implications. The rise of counterculture and hallucinogenic drugs in the 1960s alarmed mainstream psychology. In an attempt to prevent psychology from experiencing the same thing that alchemy did to chemistry, behavioral psychology was born. […]

Concept of open mind as a a deep mountain cliff shaped as a human head with a ladder leading to the outside towards a glowing sun as a psychology and mental health metaphor for spiritual discovery.
History of Science

Carl Jung and the Concept of Collective Consciousness

October 14, 2020

Carl Gustave Jung was Sigmund Freud’s student who built on his work and theories regarding the id, the ego, and the superego and continued his movement. But he introduced some new concepts that were not entirely accepted by Freud. […]

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