Abstract imagining of string theory with loops oscillating.
History of Science

Strings and Branes: A Theory of Everything

August 10, 2020

According to the Kaluza-Klein model, gravitation and electromagnetism could be brought together if the field underlying reality was 5-dimensional. Einstein himself pursued Kaluza-Klein-type ideas, but failed in his endeavors. […]

Picture showing a scientist conducting tests on different vegetables.
Biology

Genetically Modified Organisms: Benefits and Concerns

August 5, 2020

Genetically modified organisms are useful for farmers as plants can be modified to keep insects away and increase the yield. Being so beneficial for foods, why are most people concerned about GMOs used in animals and plants? […]

Geothermal activity in volcanic area on Mars's planet surface.
Astronomy

Mars’s Mountains, Volcanoes, and Marsquakes

July 31, 2020

Mars has much more than carbon dioxide snow, seasons, and tiny moons. It has numerous volcanoes that cause quakes, and a huge mountain significantly bigger than Everest. Are the many craters responsible for the many mountains? […]

The planet Mars during the Martian winter lit by the distant Sun.
Astronomy

Martian Seasons, Climate, and Axial Tilt

July 31, 2020

Under Mar’s super-thin atmosphere and super-low pressure, Martian seasons do not change the cold climate but are still distinguishable. Snowfall is usually possible for water snow, but there is another type of snow that needs a cold Martian winter to happen. […]

An image of Mars shot from space showing the red coloration.
Astronomy

Exploring Mars, Traveling to It, and Its Global Storms

July 31, 2020

It takes much longer than expected to travel to Mars, due to gravitational complexities. This red planet is covered in red dust, and even though winds cannot move things as they do on Earth, it still hosts huge dust devils every now and then. How does a storm happen without wind? […]

Atom molecule as concept for science
Physics

What Is an Atom Like?

July 24, 2020

Atoms are the building blocks of all materials. They are extremely small and electronically neutral particles but still have significant empty space inside. Besides, they hold positive and negative electric charges inside. All this being said, what is an atom like? […]

Atom molecule as concept for science
Physics

What Is Inside an Atom Nucleus?

July 24, 2020

A significant share of the atom’s weight is concentrated in the atom nucleus. Protons and neutrons are the particles inside the nucleus, and inside them are the quarks. Just like the atom, much of the protons and neutrons are also empty, as quarks are very small. Does this mean most of any matter is empty space? […]

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