Facts, and Some Myths, about Black Holes

October 23, 2020

A black hole is a place in space where matter is compressed in a tiny space and the gravitational pull is so strong that even light cannot escape They are real and no myth. […]


Comets: What Are They?

October 18, 2020

Comets are combinations of ice and dust that come from the outer solar system. They are particularly important to planetary scientists as they provide information about places that are hard to visit. […]

light speed

Measuring the Speed of Light: A Mirror, a Train, and an Observer

October 17, 2020

The first basic postulate of relativity is that both primed and unprimed observers can correctly consider themselves to be the unmoving center of the universe.The second postulate of relativity is that the speed of light is fixed and does not change with the speed of the observer. However, a primed observer always experiences more time than an unprimed observer. […]

human hand holding brain, Artificial Intelligence, AI Technology, thinking concept.
History of Science

Behavioral Psychology and its Practical Implications

October 14, 2020

According to behavioral psychologists, human beings are creatures of habit. It meant that by shaping human habits, we could make humans behave the way we want. This idea had considerable ramifications in business and advertising. […]

Man entering a maze inside a head
History of Science

Cultural Consequences of Jung’s Ideas and the Rise of Behaviorism

October 14, 2020

The notion of the collective unconscious put forth by Carl Jung had widespread acceptance and cultural implications. The rise of counterculture and hallucinogenic drugs in the 1960s alarmed mainstream psychology. In an attempt to prevent psychology from experiencing the same thing that alchemy did to chemistry, behavioral psychology was born. […]

Concept of open mind as a a deep mountain cliff shaped as a human head with a ladder leading to the outside towards a glowing sun as a psychology and mental health metaphor for spiritual discovery.
History of Science

Carl Jung and the Concept of Collective Consciousness

October 14, 2020

Carl Gustave Jung was Sigmund Freud’s student who built on his work and theories regarding the id, the ego, and the superego and continued his movement. But he introduced some new concepts that were not entirely accepted by Freud. […]

A strand of DNA in pink across the left edge of the image, stretching from top to bottom, and a similar strand on the right edge, the entire center section of the image is dominated by a brown leafless tree, at the bottom, over the trunk an image of algae or amoeba is placed, and on the branches are various images of mushroom, fish, rabbit, butterfly, bird, man and more.

Does Thermodynamics Disprove Evolution?

October 10, 2020

Entropy is a measure of the number of ways things can look like each other at the big picture level but be different at the detail level. And this misunderstanding of the meaning of the word is one of the reasons why people who try to use the second law of thermodynamics to invalidate evolution are so far off. […]

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