Futuristic concept of a woman with virtual reality glasses playing with neon lights.

The Probability We Live in a Created Simulation

May 23, 2021

Although we still haven’t created simulated worlds, we can still predict how likely it is that we’ll do it in the future. We know if we do, then there’s a good chance we are in a simulation. […]

Game and probability theory concept
Applied Math

Our Random World—Probability Defined

April 17, 2017

While it’s nice to think that our challenge in life is to get rid of uncertainty and be in complete control of everything, that is not going to happen. One of life’s real challenges is to deal with the uncertain and the unknown in some sort of an effective way; and that is the realm of probability. […]


Understanding Entropy in Terms of Energy

April 30, 2021

Entropy can be measured in terms of energy, in particular, kinetic energy. It is seen that heat spreads out because some atoms with more kinetic energy collide with atoms that have less kinetic energy. Rudolf Julius Emmanuel Clausius study of steam engines show that entropy can be constant, or it can increase. […]

Multicoloured US map.

Gerrymandering in the United States

April 4, 2021

Every 10 years, the United States conducts a census in which the government counts how many people live in the United States. That number determines how many congressional districts that state should receive. The states legislatures then decide how to draw the lines for each of those districts. However, the redrawing of congressional district lines is a controversial issue. […]

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